It wasn’t that long ago when buying a thermometer was a simple thing. Options were limited and a simple digital thermometer, meant to be placed under the tongue, was the only available type. Now, though, home thermometers come in all shapes and sizes, and buying one has become a lot more complicated.

Fortunately, you can still boil this decision down to one major choice: infrared thermometer vs digital thermometer. Infrared thermometers are relatively new, especially the ones sold for home use, but digital thermometers have been around for a while now. They each have their pros and cons, and choosing the right thermometer for your needs requires weighing a few different variables.

Thermometers: Know Why You’re Buying it

It seems obvious, but before you buy a thermometer think about what you’ll be using it for. A digital stick thermometer is a useful tool when you’re sick, but it’s useless if you’re trying to determine if your meat has been cooked properly. You need an instant read meat thermometer for that, and neither of those can tell you what temperature your oven or grill really is.

Likewise a temporal artery thermometer generally can’t be used in the same way as a digital laser infrared thermometer. Both use infrared sensors to measure temperature, but in different ways and for a different purpose.

So, before you start browsing for a new thermometer, know what you need. A medical thermometer is designed for taking a person’s temperature, while culinary thermometers are mainly for measuring the temperature of a cooking surface or food. You can find digital and infrared thermometers in both categories.

Digital Thermometers

A quick Google search for digital thermometers will mainly yield results for instant read digital thermometers meant for cooking. These are excellent tools that allow for perfectly cooked foods every time, but they aren’t well suited to medical purposes. While they’ll definitely give you an accurate temperature reading, the temperature probes on them are quite sharp, since they have to pierce into the middle of large pieces of food.

That sharp tip is not something you want in your mouth or your child’s mouth. Medical thermometers meant for oral or rectal use have safe, rounded tips. Digital thermometers have been standard for home medical use for years now. You can check out Forehead Thermometer review.

How a Digital Thermometer Works

Digital thermometers are built around a sensor that responds to temperature. These sensors are called thermoresistors. Often these are simple glass beads with two wires attached. The “resistance” mentioned earlier is the resistance of the material to the flow of electricity. As it increases or decreases in temperature, the rate at which electricity flows from one wire to the other through the glass is changed.

That change in resistance is very predictable, meaning we know exactly how each change in temperature will affect the flow of electricity. This allows the small computer in the thermometer to quickly calculate the temperature based on how much the flow of electricity has sped up or slow down. It is a very accurate and reliable process.

Advantages of digital thermometers

Digital thermometers are widely considered the best thermometers you can get. Here are the reasons why:

  • Digital medical thermometers can record a temperature from the mouth, armpit, or rectum in a minute or less
  • Digital thermometers can be used for newborns, children, and adults
  • Very accurate
  • For non-medical uses temperatures can be read instantly, and are much more accurate than analog thermometers
  • Quality digital thermometers are very affordable

Disadvantages of digital thermometers

Digital thermometers aren’t perfect. If they were, other types of thermometer wouldn’t exist. Here are the drawbacks to digital thermometers:

  • Can be uncomfortable to use, especially for children
  • Children in particular may have a hard time keeping their mouth closed long enough to get an accurate reading
  • If you’ve recently eaten or had something to drink, you’ll need to wait fifteen minutes before taking your temperature to get an accurate reading.
  • Since they require direct contact to use, there could be potential hygiene issues.

Digital thermometers are widely available, cheap, reliable, and easy to use. While they do have their drawbacks, they also have a lot going for them. You can’t go wrong with a digital thermometer.

Infrared Thermometers

Infrared thermometers are newer, at least for home use. Like digital thermometers, there are models meant for medical use (taking a person’s temperature) and culinary or practical use (measuring the temperature of an oven, grill, or other cooking surface).

While you would never want to stick a meat thermometer into your mouth to check your temperature, you probably could safely measure your temperature with any infrared thermometer, regardless of it’s intended purpose. The biggest difference between infrared thermometers designed for medical use and the ones meant for culinary use is that the latter are designed to measure and withstand much higher heat. These thermometers have to measure heat in hundreds of degrees. In fact, they may struggle to accurately measure something as low as human body heat.

Likewise, an infrared thermometer designed for measuring human body heat may struggle to hold up to the intense heat of a kitchen, and is best used only for medical purposes.

Infrared thermometers have been used by doctors for a long time- if you can remember the doctor taking your temperature through your ear, that was an infrared thermometer like this one. Since children and infants often find the sensation of having the thermometer in their ear very unpleasant, these thermometers didn’t catch on at home.

The development of forehead thermometers changed that. These thermometers are also infrared thermometers, but they can measure body temperature on the forehead, or more accurately in the temporal artery. This is a completely comfortable process, which makes it very easy to take a child’s temperature. Because it’s such a kid-friendly technique, it’s becoming popular as an in-home thermometer.

How Infrared Thermometers Work

To understand infrared thermometers, you need to understand black body radiation. Everything warmer than absolute zero (read: pretty much everything) has molecules vibrating. Heat is the result of these vibrating molecules. They also generate infrared radiation, which is a spectrum of light that isn’t visible to the human eye.

Infrared light is perhaps most famous from technology like night-vision goggles, which sense infrared radiation and allow the wearer to see at night. Everything generates infrared radiation, and the hotter an object is, the more infrared radiation it will emit.

An infrared thermometer works by measuring the amount of infrared radiation being generated. Infrared thermometers use a lens to concentrate the infrared light onto a sensor called a thermopile, which converts the light into heat. That heat is turned into electricity, and the amount of electricity generated is used to measure the temperature of the object.

Ear drum thermometers work because the ear drum is about the same temperature as the inside of the body, but the ear drum itself is very sensitive and touching it would be painful. The infrared thermometer can instead measure the temperature of the eardrum from a short distance (less than an inch) away. Other infrared thermometers measure the infrared radiation coming off your body- specifically the temporal artery- to determine body temperature.

In the case of industrial or culinary thermometers, infrared thermometers measure the infrared light generated by a cooking surface or a fire. It’s a common misconception that the laser on these thermometers is what’s measuring the temperature, but actually these are only used to help aim the thermometer accurately.

Advantages of Infrared Thermometers

While they still aren’t as widespread as digital thermometers, infrared thermometers are very popular and becoming more common. Here are the biggest advantages of infrared thermometers:

  • No physical contact needed; very comfortable and very safe
  • Temperature readings are instant
  • Can be used with newborns, infants, children and adults
  • Very accurate readings

Disadvantages of Infrared Thermometers

Despite their impressive benefits, infrared thermometers are not perfect. Here are the biggest drawbacks of infrared thermometers:

  • They tend to be very expensive
  • Ear thermometers can be uncomfortable

Infrared thermometers are, generally, just as accurate as their digital counterparts and even easier to use, but the cost can make them impractical.

Is Infrared Better?

The short answer is: maybe. It really depends on how you’re using your thermometer. If you need to measure the temperature of a thick steak, infrared is not helpful. It can only tell you the temperature of the outside of the steak. You need a digital thermometer for this job.

For body temperature, an infrared thermometer is usually better. Both the ear drum and the blood flowing through the temporal artery will give an accurate reading of internal body temperature. Most importantly, you’ll get that reading quickly and with minimal discomfort. In fact, the “forehead” thermometers are so easy to use and reliable that, if they were cheaper, it would be difficult to recommend anything else.

There’s no doubt that infrared has its advantages, especially if you need to take a child’s temperature. In fact, for children, it’s probably worth the added expense to buy an infrared thermometer that can measure from the temporal artery. These thermometers are very sanitary, cause no discomfort at all, and give an accurate reading each time.

A good way to understand it is this: in any situation in which you want to record a temperature from a distance, you want an infrared thermometer. At times when you need to check the internal temperature of something or don’t need to measure from a distance, digital is better.

Is Price the only Advantage For Digital Thermometers?

Not at all, but it is a big advantage. You can walk into any nearby pharmacy and find a quality, reliable digital thermometer at a price you can afford. The same simply isn’t true of infrared thermometers. The biggest weakness of the digital thermometers is also, at times, it’s biggest advantage.

A digital thermometer has to be in physical contact with whatever it is measuring. This can make them more difficult and uncomfortable to use compared to infrared thermometers, but in some cases it’s a distinct advantage. For one thing, it allows for more precision.

If you’re using it to measure the temperature of food, yo can check the temperature in multiple spots to ensure that the food is cooking evenly. Digital thermometers are best for measuring the temperature in an oven, grill or smoker, especially since the probe can be left in to measure temperature over time.

For personal medical use, a digital thermometer is just as accurate as infrared, but it’s easier to find, cheaper to buy, and smaller. That makes it easier to use and store, without suffering any loss in accuracy. These are all very strong reasons for choosing a digital thermometer.


As you can see, there are both advantages and disadvantages for infrared and digital thermometers. While infrared thermometers are often much easier to use, digital thermometers aren’t exactly complicated to begin with. Infrared thermometers are definitely more comfortable, but for most adults a digital thermometer is that uncomfortable anyway.

If you already have a digital thermometer that you don’t mind using, upgrading to an infrared one is probably not worth the money for you. It won’t take more accurate readings and the advantages that you gain in comfort and ease-of-use are minimal.

That said, if you have a child at home and you need to take their temperature, upgrading to infrared could be worth the money. Children are much more prone to finding digital thermometers unpleasant, and an infrared thermometer is not only a non-contact thermometer, it also takes the reading very quickly, making it much easier to use with kids.

For non-medical uses, infrared thermometers offer the advantage of taking a temperature from a distance, but that’s it. They’re less useful for measuring the temperature of food or the interior of the oven, but they can tell you how hot a frying pan is or how hot the fire in the grill is.

It’s hard to recommend one or the other, since both infrared and digital have their uses. You need to choose the thermometer that’s best for your needs. We hope that now you have all the information you need to make that choice.

Are you seeking the best and most convenient way to set your Honeywell thermostat? You are in the right place! You will learn tips to get it down within the shortest possible time and with ease. Honeywell does offer different categories of thermostats.

There are some you can set with a single push of the button. You will also encounter thermostats that are super elaborate to set. But whatever is the case, having your thermostat set properly, shouldn’t be a problem.

Without wasting any further time, check out our best thermostat review. let’s go over some of the tips.

How Can You Set Your Thermostat Honeywell?

There is a range of thermostat designs or types out there. Your thermostat might also be entirely different from your neighbors. Thus, this makes describing how each thermostat should be programmed seem challenging.

But here’s the good news. You don’t need to learn how to program the different thermostat styles. Even if your thermostat doesn’t match, you can still use the tips below to set it. If you want to set your thermostat, you will find the tips below helpful.

As I said, the processes are similar, and you don’t need to break a sweat to get your thermostat set if you follow the instructions carefully. Let’s get down to business right away!

Stage #1 – Work on the timer

The first thing we are going to explain is how to set the timer. You also need to complete this stage before moving to the next.

Look carefully at your Honeywell thermostat, and you will find a SET button on it. Gently push that button until you see the day or time display starts flashing on the screen.

Next is to ensure the time is accurate. At this point, you need to reach for the arrow buttons. Use them to adjust the time (down or up), gradually until you get the exact time for the day displaying on the screen.

Now once you are through, do not move to another stage without pressing the DONE button. This button helps to lock the time you have set into the device.

However, this lock function might not be the same in other thermostats. You may need to press that SET key earlier explained, twice to lock the time.

Once you are through with setting the timer, then it’s time to move to the next stage. Let’s assume you have already locked the time in your Honeywell thermostat.

Stage #2 – Get the device’s first program done

Before we proceed, understand that we are dealing with a programmable Honeywell thermostat. Honeywell has quite an impressive range of products, and some aren’t programmable. So, if yours is, then you can continue with all the stages here, starting from the first one.

First off, you have to press the SET button carefully. Afterward, look at your thermostat; you will find another key with the name “SET SCHEDULE.” Press it.

Please have in mind that there’re different styles of thermostats out there. So, there are cases where you have to hit that SET button more than once to get your desired function. All the processes involved in setting a Honeywell thermostat are the same. The only thing is some of the procedures might be a little demanding.

Let’s continue on this second step. Your next move should be to hit the arrow keys (Up and Down keys). Please do this until you start seeing the Monday to Friday Wake showing on the screen of the device. After that, just hit the NEXT button. But do so when the time is accurate.

The next thing you will be working on is the temperature. You need to set the temperature you want for the week-up time for that weekday. The simple way to go about this is to utilize the arrow keys. That is the same UP and DOWN keys.

When you have the right temperature set, follow the same step you used for the first. In other words, ensure you have the temperature locked in by only hitting the “NEXT” key. Once you are through, then it’s time to get to the next step.

This step still requires using the “NEXT” and UP and DOWN arrow buttons. Next is to ensure the times and temperatures are locked in once you attain the accurate reading. You will have to use those functions for the program’s next periods. These include Leave, Return, as well as Sleep.

Stage #3 – Address the Next Program

At this stage, you must have locked in the programmed temperature for Monday – Friday. You did that in step 2 of this thermostat setting process. However, when you hit the “NEXT” button, it will bring about the activation of another program on your Honeywell thermostat.

Remember, you need to follow the same process as in stage 2 to get this done. If you feel confused about it, you can revisit step 2 above for a better understanding of how to go about it.

Stage #4 – Finish up The Program and Start Making The Required Corrections

Honeywell thermostats come designed with quality features, which make the job of setting the thermometer a breeze.

For instance, once you hit the “DONE” key, whatever adjustment you have made on the thermostat is locked in right at that moment. The setup menu would also close too.

So, is there room to make adjustments once the program is locked in the thermostat? The answer is yes! If you made some errors while programming your thermostat or maybe you have scheduled some changes that require adjusting the program, then you don’t need to break a sweat to get it done.

Below are steps you can follow to make adjustments to your thermostat, irrespective of the mistakes made.

Your first step would be to hit the “SET SCHEDULE” key. Afterward, go through the numerous menu options on the thermostat. You can use the “NEXT” and “UP/DOWN arrow keys” to navigate through the multiple functions on the thermostat and make newer settings.

You can reset both the temperate and time for waking up. And as earlier said, the process is not as stressful as most people think.

Stage #5 – How to Override The Program – First Step

Here’s the final stage on how to set a Honeywell thermostat. For better understand, let’s use this scenario; Imagine when you decide to remain home for some days and would like that the thermostat program doesn’t send the temperature down to at least 60 degrees. What should you do in this case?

Again, this step is simple. What you need to do is to continue pressing the arrow keys. It will get to a point where the right temperatures you seek will appear on the thermostat’s screen. You will find words like the “TEMPORARY” display on the thermostat’s screen too. And after a while, it will hold the temperature at the desired level.

The good thing is whenever you hope to resume the said program; all you have to do is press the “RUN SCHEDULE” key.

How to Override The Program – The Second Step

There’s still another way you can override the program if you are not comfortable using the first step shown above. All you have to do is carefully press the “HOLD” key. This command would instruct the thermostat to keep the desired temperature fixed until you are ready to deactivate it.

Resetting A Programmable Honeywell Thermostat: Things You Need to do

Every homeowner understands the usefulness of a thermostat. It helps to ensure the temperature of the home is at an acceptable range, thus making the home habitable. So by every means necessary, if you have a thermostat, ensure you get it to function to capacity.

There is the manual, and automatic thermostat, with the latter, considered a fan favorite because it makes life a bit easier. If you are using the manual thermostat for temperature control, then people’s chance in preference would be a significant concern for you.

So, assuming you are using a manual thermostat, then you are going to have to focus your attention on the device. What this means is that you must ensure the device isn’t working when there’s no one left in the home. In other words, you have to shut it down completely. And this could drive down your energy bill.

Now, how does the automatic thermostat by Honeywell stand out? Well, it does in this regard. You don’t have to focus your mind on turning the device on and off always. It does it automatically, even in your absence. It all depends on how you program the thermostat, though. But the good thing is that you can set your Honeywell thermostat to be in line with your schedule. You can program it to turn off and come on

If the display doesn’t come on or there’s a need for program change, follow the steps below. You can use them to reset your Honeywell thermostat with ease.

Step #1: Turn device off

Ensure the thermostat is off! You can do so by pressing the off button displayed on the device.

Why is it necessary to turn the device off? Well, it’s to ensure you don’t damage the batteries. It would cost money to get a replacement. So, if you are not ready to splash the cash on a new battery, then it’s better to take proper care of the one currently in the device. The thing is, you might unknowingly press down a button, which could drain the battery entirely and lead to the leaky battery. You sure don’t want that!

Step #2: Remove the screws

Here is a simple task you can perform within seconds. It involves getting the screws on the device off, to avoid any impediment when you start working on the thermostat. Of course, your mission is to rest the device. But this step is equally important.

If there are screws, just get them off. That is the simple way to go about it. But if you are dealing with a programmable Honeywell thermostat, you can detach only the display part. However, ensure the screen is intact when performing this act. Be very careful and focus on the different parts of the device while detaching it.

Once you finish removing the screws, then you can focus on the next step. Remember, on screw removal; you can follow instructions on the product manual. You will find how to go about it in there.

Step #3: Remove the batteries

You also need to get the cells of the device off before you reset. It’s the third step and considered very important. It’s a simple step, but one you have to perform carefully. Remember that any damage to your thermostat will result in an emergency visit to a technician for repairs.

So to remove the batteries, first, you need to open the segment where all the cells are in the device. You can use different objects to get this done. And this includes a tweezer, coin, or even your fingernails.

After removing the batteries, ensure you keep them in a comfortable place. They should be away from water, chemicals, or a moist environment. It is also best to remove the battery gently so that the spring would still be intact. Using force or not taking proper care can result in breakage or severe damage to the spring, which would be of extra cost to you.

The batteries are the heart of the device. Without them, your thermostat will not function to capacity. It is easy to get a replacement for the batteries without breaking the bank. Batteries are cheap, but repairs aren’t.

Step #4: Insert batteries but in reverse order

In this step, you have to re-insert the battery. But this time, you do not have to place the cells in their original position. What this means is this; you need to attach the negative pole to the device’s positive pole. That is in a reversed order.

You don’t have to leave the batteries this way for long. Just 5-8 seconds would do the trick. When you place the batteries in reverse order, it will reset your Honeywell thermostat automatically.

Step #5: Insert the batteries in the right order

After placing the cells in a reversed position for a few seconds, you then put them back in the correct spot. That is the positive pole of the battery to the positive pole of the device, and so forth.

Step #6: Close the device

Remembered how you met your thermostat before you unscrewed and detached its parts? You need to retain it back to that same level. What this means is that you need to screw back the device and make sure everywhere is intact.

You need to ensure the parts align before you start screwing. The tightening of the screw when the case does not align can lead to damage to your device. Also, you need to do this carefully and ensure you don’t apply much pressure while tightening the screws. You also need to know when to stop to avoid breaking the plastic casing of the thermostat.

Step #7: Put the device on and adjust the temperature

Now that you have your thermostat is intact and the batteries inserted, you can proceed to temperature adjustment. First, you need to put on the device and start the process. Set the temperature according to your schedule and need.

Note: There are myriads of the Honeywell thermostat out there, and it would be nice to operate your device according to the model you have. Doing so will ensure it lasts long for you and your family.

It is also wise to follow instructions written on the user manual. Don’t just start using your thermostat without reading the instructions. You might find one or two reasonable ideas that will help you optimize the performance of your thermostat.

Honeywell Thermostat Troubleshooting: What to do when there’s “No display” issue with your device

Electronic devices, whether new or old, can still develop a fault. It can also happen to a thermostat you just got a few days ago. So, instead of panicking when you find that your new thermostat is no longer displaying, there are things you could try out.

If nothing works, then you can decide to seek a replacement or something else. But you should know that the display screen problem is widespread with digital thermostat, and there are reasons for it. Let’s look at reasons you may encounter “no display” issue with your thermostat and things you can do to solve them.

Issues With The Access Door

It may be that the furnace’s access door is open or that it wasn’t completely shut. In some of the modern furnaces around, you will find a door switch. This switch engages whenever the door of the furnace is closed properly and goes on to activate the whole system.

However, if this door is not shut correctly, then the power supplied to the thermostat will be cut because of a lack of depression at the door switch.

Battery Issue

If you find that your thermostat is no displaying, then try to check your batteries if it uses batteries. The problem could be that the cells are dead or may have gone out of position. It is also possible that the cells aren’t well-fixed in their compartment.

So, check and replace the batteries if they are damaged. Most thermostats have battery notification that displays on the screen when the battery is dead. In that case, you may not bother about checking the battery.


The Honeywell thermostat is a lifesaver and makes staying at home enjoyable. If you are someone who works from home or has a large family that mostly stays at home, then acquiring a thermostat is a no brainer. The thermostat makes it possible for you to set the temperature to the required level, thus making it possible for you to deliver optimum performance. So if you have a thermostat or planning to buy one, then you will find the tips in this post useful.

Many people I’ve met seem to be puzzled when it comes to the difference between CR2025 and CR2023. That’s why I decided to write this article- to help you out a bit and clear any possible confusion regarding this issue.

You don’t have to be a rocket scientist to know how and when to use these two battery models; all you need to have a bit of patience provided that you want to get to the bottom of this problem. In the following text, I will discuss their features and differences- so if you’re looking for a quick answer, and don’t want to be bothered by technical stuff, you can simply skip to the end of this article! You may like best aa battery review.

Firstly, both CR2025 and CR2023 are very popular types of lithium batteries. Both of them are 3.0 V and non-rechargeable and can often be used for powering watches, car/garage remote keys, medical equipment, toys and other smaller electronic devices. Due to their long shelf life and/or stable voltage they can also be used as memory batteries in camera and computers too.

There is a high demand for both of them, so many manufacturers started producing them. This led to them having different labels, which undoubtedly created more confusion. For example, CR2025 can also be labeled as DL2025, E-CR2025, 5003LC, BR2025 etc.

So, you are probably wondering, can you interchange DL2025 and CR2025? The answer is yes. The only difference between these two is the name (DL vs CR); CR is a generic brand label, while DL comes from Duracell, a famous battery brand. The numbers used in the name of this battery indicate their height and diameter- CR2025 has 20mm in diameter and is 2.5 mm height.

The other features, like cut-off voltage, nominal voltage, storage temperature ranges, capacity etc, depend solely on the chemical components of these batteries. Now, let’s take a look at a CR2025 and a comparison to one of its equivalents.

CR2025 Vs CR2032 Features, Specifications and Use

1. CR2025 Battery- Features, Specifications and How It’s Used

A I mentioned above, CR2025 is a coin cell battery made from lithium, and generally used for portable electronic devices like pocket calculators or hearing aids. Usually, they come in a compact size- 1-6 mm in height, and 5-25mm in diameter. Since, the battery name suggests the thickness and diameter in tenths of millimeters, the typical CR2025 battery will be 2.5mm height and have 20mm in its diameter.

Lithium button batteries are a bit pricey compared to the alkaline ones, but they weigh less and have a wider operating temperature range; and more importantly, they definitely last longer.

Specifications and Run Time

Before we go any further, let’s take a look at the specifications of this battery type:

  • Made from Lithium Manganese Dioxide.
  • Nominal Voltage is 3.0V, although it has a 2.0V cut-off voltage.
  • Maximum Current is 0.14A.
  • Typical Capacity (when used) 163 mAh at 20°C with a 15kΩ Load.
  • Service Life (when used) aproximatelly 680 Hrs at 20°C with a 15kΩ Load.
  • Operating temperature from 30°C to 60°C.
  • Non- Rechargeable battery.
  • Self-Discharge (when used) approximately 1% / year.
  • Weight: 0.08 oz. (2.6 grams).

Now, we can calculate the run time of your battery. This is, of course, optional; since most of us don’t have time for these calculations. However, sometimes it is useful to know approximately how long will your battery serve you. It is important to mention that for exact number, we need to have precise information, like discharge current or dynamic load.

We can simplify this calculation by assuming you power a normal load. This should mean that the constant current would be 20mA at 20°C. In this case, the mAh capacity of the battery you use is 163mAh (milliampere per hour). If we are looking at 163mA, your battery will last for one hour; by dividing this number we draw 81.5mA, and a battery that will last twice as the previous one- two hours. However, most devices use only 20mA, so that means your battery should last for 8.15 hours in total.

However, this is not an exact figure. You should take it with a grain of salt and view it more as a ballpark; since we need to know the accurate operating temperature and varying current for a precise calculation. If you found this interesting, you can find a CR2025 datasheet online; it includes a graph which can help you visualise this calculation.

Manufacturers of batteries that you can use to power up a 3V DC motor, often print types of batteries you can replace your purchased battery with, on the package. So it is likely that you came across labels such as: KCR2025, ECR2025, LF12V, 5003LC, LM2025, DL2025B, SB-T14, CR2025-1W and some others. Although, they are often used, the most frequent replaces for the CR2025 is BR2025. So, before we compare CR2025 to CR2032, let’s take a quick look at BR2025.

BR2025 VS CR2025

Like CR2025 and CR2032, the BR2025 is also a non-rechargeable coin cell battery made from Lithium Carbon Monofluoride. Its nominal voltage is 2.8V, which is somewhat lower than the voltage of CR2025 (CR2025 has a 3V nominal voltage). However, the cut-off voltage of the BR2025 is higher for 0.25V.

Although, it should be mentioned that nominal voltage can drop in real-life applications for approximately 0.3V. Leaving us with 2.6 to 2.7V of nominal voltage for BR2025, and 2.7 to 2.8V for CR2025.

With the 130-150 mAh range, BR2025 has a lower capacity than CR2025 (160-170 mAh).

Temperature wise, the BR2025 takes the lead with its range between -30°C and 85°C, since the range of CR2025 falls between -20°C and 70°C.

Since BR2025 battery doesn’t receive high discharge currents well it might not be the best 2025 battery for devices that frequently require large currents. So it CR2025 can make a better fit for remote devices or key-chain flashlights.

However, for devices that require constant voltage supply over a longer period of time; as well as a broad range of temperatures, BR2025 is definitely a more fitting choice than CR2025 battery.

So take into consideration, how often and when will you be using a 2025 battery, since using it wrongly can impact the battery life and your overall satisfaction. Generally speaking, these two batteries don’t have too many differences, unless you use them for some DIY projects that need to meet specific requirements.

2. CR2032 Battery- Features, Specifications and How It’s Used

Now, it’s time to take a look at the features of CR2032 battery. Similarly to CR2025, this battery is also used for small electronic devices, like wrist watchers. It is somewhat larger than CR2025 since it can have between 1 and 6mm in height and 5 to 25mm in diameter. Same as the previously mentioned batteries, the CR2032 also gets its name from its dimensions, measured in tenths of mm (the digit 20 stands for its height and 32 for its thickness)

Specifications and Run Time

We can take a look at the specifications of CR2032 battery and its run time, to fully understand how it works:

  • Made from Lithium Manganese Dioxide.
  • Nominal Voltage is 3.0V.
  • Maximum Current is 0.19A.
  • Typical Capacity (when used) 240 mAh at 20°C with a 15kΩ Load.
  • Service Life (when used) aproximatelly 720 Hrs at 20°C with a 15kΩ Load.
  • Operating temperature from 30°C to 60°C.
  • Non- Rechargeable battery.
  • Self-Discharge (when used) approximately 1% / year.
  • Weight: 0.10 oz. (3 grams).

Since the CR2032 has a larger mAh than CR2025, we can assume that it will have a longer run time.  But, as I mentioned, the battery’s life depends on many parameters. To get the best result we would need to take into consideration discharge current, dynamic loads, temperature and other factors.

However, let’s take the normal load which we used in our previous calculation with CR2025 battery. We used a constant current of 20mA, at a temperature of 20°C. In this case the mAh capacity is 240mAh. Compared to CR2025 (which we calculated to have 163 mAh), that’s a higher capacity for exactly 77mAh.

This means that if do the same thing as we did with CR2025, and draw 240mA, your battery will last for 1 hour, and 120mA for 2 hours. Compared to CR2025, when using a CR2032 you’ll be looking at 4 additional hours of run time; since this battery could last up to 12 hours.

Again, it’s important to mention that this figure is not completely accurate, because we didn’t take into consideration some of the vital elements for getting the exact figure. If you want to compare this visually, there should be a graph online which can help you with that.

CR2025 vs CR2032- What is The Difference?

I know this is what you came for; however, the answer to whether the CR2032 and CR2025 are interchangeable batteries is not that simple. There are some differences between their mAh, but the main difference would be the battery thickness.

As I mentioned, the numbers of these two batteries give you useful information about their size- and in this case a hint to their difference. The CR2025 battery has a diameter of 20mm and a height of 2.5mm, that’s how it got its name 2025.

As you probably guessed, the CR2032 has a diameter measuring 20mm and a height of 3.2mm. Since usually it’s the diameter that matters, when you’re fitting a new button battery, there isn’t much of an issue. There is a high probability that you’ll fit any of these two batteries into an electrical device.

However, keep in mind that  he height difference of 0.7 mm (one 36th of an inch) between these two batteries can sometimes be a problem. Although, this doesn’t sound much, there are some devices that are specially designed for 2025 battery, and simply won’t be able to accept a 2032 battery.

On the other hand, there are also devices that are designed to fit a 2023 battery, so a CR2025 won’t be able to power them up.  There are also devices that are made to fit a 2023 battery but can also accept a 2025; but you can still have a problem with power, since the terminals on the appliances can be loose due to the battery height difference.

Make sure to check on the device manual if you can interchange these two batteries; it can come in handy to have a higher capacity battery (like CR2032), but you also might come across some issues when it comes to fitting it in.

The higher capacity comes from the mAh difference between CR3023 and CR2025. The mAh is short for milliampere per hour. It is used for a number of different things in physics, but when it comes to batteries, it indicates how long can the battery hold its charge for and how long will you be able to use your device before needing to change the battery. Since both CR2032 and CR2025 are non-rechargeable batteries, mAh also indicates longitude of the battery’s life.

With the mAh of 225, CR2032 battery has a slightly higher durability compared to CR2025 (164 mAh). So, in case you want to power up a device you frequently use choosing the CR2032 battery might be the best option.


There is a very small difference between the CR2020 and the CR2032 battery. You will probably notice that some brands state that a CR2032 will have a longer storage life; however, this might not be true, since the only actual difference is in the mAh.

This means that you might get a full 20 hours out of 2032, but it depends on various factors, we cannot predict. I mentioned some of them, when calculating the run time of each battery. The best thing you can do, when it comes to picking batteries is get a larger pack. Not only is it cheaper, but you will be able to easily pop a new one in, without getting stuck with a powerless device.

Comparatively, the concept of measuring weather temperature is new, as early scientists didn’t have a quantifying method of measuring and quantifying temperatures. However, in 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invented a thermometer with a standardized scale that effectively quantified temperature, after which Anders Celsius improved it further by incorporating the Celsius scale in 1742. Today, there are different types of thermometers used to measure weather temperature that use different temperature measuring mechanisms.

According to National Weather Services, weather temperature is one of the most widely measured weather element in the atmosphere today. People across the globe plan their daily activities and forecast weather patterns based on their locality’s weather temperature. This underlines why having a clear understanding on how to measure weather temperature is essential in running day-to-day activities and averting harsh weather conditions.

Read on to find out everything you need to know about the types of weather thermometers, siting guidelines you should observe, and how to measure weather temperature.

How to Measuring Weather Temperature

It is important to note that weather temperatures get distorted by a host of factors such as wind, sunlight, and other weather elements. That’s the reason why recording 100 percent accurate weather temperature is not entirely possible. However, you should strive to ensure accuracy of your weather thermometer by following the steps below.

Step 1: Choose your thermometer and the correct site

As discussed earlier, weather thermometers come in different types, shapes, and size, each with its own pros and cons. Thus, the first step of measuring weather temperature is choosing a thermometer that you are comfortable with. Keep in mind that the thermometer you choose will determine the accuracy of your temperature readings.

After choosing the thermometer, it is important to choose the correct location to site your thermometer for optimal and accurate readings. The area you choose to site your thermometer should be open, leveled, and a representative of the surrounding area. Place your weather thermometer away from obstruction, pavements, and vegetation as they can affect its readings.

Step 2: Place the thermometer in a Stevenson screen

Weather thermometers should not be placed under direct sunlight as they will record higher temperatures than normal thus giving inaccurate data. That’s why National Weather Services recommends that a weather thermometer should be placed under a shade. Placing your weather thermometer in a Stevenson screen is the best way to offer protection and shading that it needs.

The Stevenson screen was invented by Thomas Stevenson, with the aim of protecting weather thermometers from solar radiation and water damage. The housing is painted white to reflect sunlight, has louvered sides for free air flow, and down swinging doors to protect the thermometer from direct sunlight and wind. Placing your weather thermometer in the Stevenson screen will improve their accuracy.

Step 3: Record maximum and minimum temperatures

Weather temperatures are not static as they keep changing with the change in weather conditions. This explains why you should place both maximum and minimum thermometers in your Stevenson screen. The best maximum thermometer is the mercury-in-glass thermometer while the minimum thermometer is spirit, ethyl, alcohol, or pentane thermometer with a dark glass.

Both minimum and maximum thermometers should be placed at a 2 degrees angle with their bulbs positioned at lower end. Once you have placed the two thermometers in your Stevenson screen give them time to rest and record the weather temperature. Consequently, read and record the minimum and maximum temperature readings and calculate the average to find the weather temperature of the day.

Types of Weather Thermometers

Weather thermometers come in different sizes and shapes, from the ancient liquid-in-glass thermometers to the modern digital thermometers. The different weather thermometers have distinct pros and cons that you should consider when picking the one to purchase.  Outlined below are the common types of weather thermometers.

Mercury-In-Glass Thermometer

Mercury-in-glass thermometers are one of the oldest but widely recognized types of thermometers still used globally. The thermometer was invented in 1714 by Daniel Fahrenheit and consists of a thin glass tube and a glass bulb. Its glass tube is filled with mercury while the empty space is filled with nitrogen or any other gas whose pressure is lower than that of atmospheric pressure.

The empty space in the glass tube occupied by gases gives leeway for the expansion or contraction of mercury due to temperature changes. Once the weather temperature increases the mercury in the glass tube expands pushing up its level in the tube, while the mercury contracts with a decrease in weather temperature causing its level to lower. The mercury-in-glass thermometer’s tube is calibrated with Celsius, Kelvins, or Fahrenheit temperature scale, which allows you to read the weather temperature.

Mercury in the mercury-in-glass thermometer can be replaced by alcohol or ethyl which is cheaper, less dangerous, and has a low freezing point. However, it is important to note that mercury is more accurate and has a lower boiling point than alcohol or ethyl.

Bimetal Thermometer

Bimetal thermometer, or classic old dial thermometer as it is commonly referred, was developed in 1759 by John Harris. The weather thermometer is widely used across the globe due to its reliability and robustness, making it ideal for use in automotive and industrial environment. The bimetal thermometer consists of two metal strips connected to each other that respond differently to temperature changes.

The bimetal strips are coil shaped with one of their end fixed in place while the other connected to the measuring device such as a needle. Once the weather temperature around the strips change, one of the metal strips expands or contracts causing the needle to move on the calibrated scale to display the weather temperature. Majority of bimetal thermometers are engraved in wooden casings, installed with analog barometers, and hanged on the wall.

Thermoelectric Thermometer

Thermoelectric thermometers measure and display weather temperature using a thermistor, used in various digital devices. The thermistor has an electrical resistance that is dependent on weather temperature. Thus, as weather temperature change the thermistor’s electrical resistance changes resulting to a change in the electrical current strength flowing through the device.

The electrical current strength is then used to calculate the weather temperature. Thermoelectric thermometers come with either one of the two types of thermistors namely: Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) or Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC). The two thermistors reacts differently when exposed to weather temperature but both measure temperatures ranging from -90 degrees Celsius to 130 degrees Celsius.

Scales Used to Measure Weather Temperature

Basically, weather temperature is the measure of kinetic energy that the environment or air possess. Temperature is a relative measurement and that’s why reference point based scales are used to accurately measure it. Today, there are mainly three types of scales used to measure weather temperature as outlined below.

  • Fahrenheit Scale

Fahrenheit scale was invented by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, from whom its name is derived, in 1724. The physicist set salty ice water temperature at 0 degrees, ice water temperature at 30 degrees, and human body temperature at 96 degrees. Using his scale, Fahrenheit set boiling water temperature at 212 degrees and later adjusted the freezing water temperature from 30 degrees to 32 degrees.

The adjustments meant that the interval between the boiling and freezing points of water became 180 degrees and the human body temperature 98.7 degrees. The major drawback of the Fahrenheit scale is that it is not the standard SI unit of measurement, and that’s why it is not used in scientific research. The Fahrenheit was later replaced by the Celsius scale but it is still used in the United States of America.

  • Celsius Scale

Celsius scale was invented by Anders Celsius in 1742, in an attempt to improve the Fahrenheit scale. Celsius used water boiling point and ice melting point as his reference temperatures for consistent and simple thermometer calibration method. Unlike Fahrenheit, the astronomer set the boiling and freezing points at an interval of an even 100 degrees with the water freezing point being 0 degrees and the boiling point being 100 degrees.

The Celsius scale is commonly preferred than Fahrenheit scale in scientific research due to its compatibility with base ten format of the SI unit of metric measurements. Also, the Celsius scale has been incorporated by many countries across the globe other than United States of America.

  • Kelvin Scale

Kelvin scale was invented by Lord William Kelvin in 1854. The Scottish physicist based the scale on absolute zero degrees where no discernible kinetic energy is detectable and molecular motion halts. The lowest temperature in the Kelvin scale, which is the freezing point, is -237.15 Kelvins, while the boiling point is 373.15 Kelvins.

Similar to the Celsius scale, the Kelvin scale is the standard international system unit of measurements commonly used in scientific research. The Kelvin scale is conveniently used to measure extremely low weather temperatures because it doesn’t have negative numbers.

Siting Guidelines of Weather Thermometers

The accuracy and reliability of your weather temperature readings solely depends on the location where you site your weather thermometer. Generally, your weather temperature measuring device should be placed in an open space free from any obstruction for optimum performance. Below are the weather thermometer siting guidelines that you must follow for concise and accurate temperature readings.

  • Height

Weather thermometers absorb ambient ground temperatures very easily, which could distort their temperature readings. Also, if placed too high it could pick cool air temperature thus distorting accurate temperature readings. This being the case, the standard height that you should place your weather thermometer is 5 or 6 feet above the ground.

The pole used to support the weather thermometer from the ground should not be a good conductor of heat, as it could affect the thermometer’s readings.

  • Shading

Bimetallic and liquid-in-glass thermometers absorb solar radiation efficiently that the surrounding air, which could affect their readings. That’s the reason why you should avoid placing your weather thermometer under direct sunlight as it will give inaccurate data. Consider placing it under a shade, installing a solar radiation shield, or placing it in a ventilated housing like Stevenson screen.

Besides shielding your thermometer from solar radiation, a shade will protect it against rain or precipitation damage. If using a man-made shade, consider using a white shade with good ventilation to reflect solar radiation and prevent heat accumulation to optimize its performance.

  • Condition of the location

Weather thermometers pick temperatures generated by different cooling and heating sources easily, thus giving faulty temperature readings. This being the case, you should place your weather thermometer in open and leveled area preferably 10 meters diameter from the nearest obstruction. Also, place the thermometer in an area whose vegetation has been trimmed, as vegetation generates heat which could affect its readings.

Avoid placing your weather thermometer on rocky, steep, and concrete terrain because they affect the performance of the temperature measuring device.

  • Distance from obstruction

A weather thermometer sited near a building will easily pick up the inside temperature of the building, thus affecting accurate temperature readings. A weather thermometer should be placed in a ventilated area with a good air flow for optimum performance. National Weather Services recommends that you should place your weather thermometer at a distance four times the height of the nearby building.

Thus, if the nearby building is 6 meters, your thermometer should be 24 meters away from the building. Also, avoid placing your weather thermometer near heat or cool sources for optimum accuracy.  Placing your thermometer in an area with good air flow will enable it to maintain temperature balance with that of the surrounding environment.

Final Thoughts

Measuring weather temperature is essential if you want to plan your daily activities or prepare for harsh weather conditions. The different types of weather thermometers and temperature scales discussed above will allow you to measure temperature in a different way. However, you must ensure that the weather temperatures you record are not only reliable but accurate, by following to the later the thermometer siting guidelines.

You can improve your cooking skills by adding a high-quality meat thermometer into your routine. You no longer have to experience the frustrations that come whenever you carefully cook meat only to emerge either undercooked or overcooked once you place it on the table. And this can accidentally happen in front of friends and family. Ensuring the safety of the food that we consume by being certain that it is in the right temperature that is safe to consume is a great move to show how caring you are. 

Based on the type of thermometer you are using, you can either place it in the meat you are cooking and leave it there or take the temperature using an instant-read thermometer once you are done with the cooking. To be certain that you have the correct readings, it is important to calibrate your thermometer after buying, and at least once a month afterward. If you need infrared thermometer check it out. 

How To Meat Calibrate Thermometer 

  1. Fill a glass or cup with ice water and allow it to sit for five minutes. Add as much ice as it can hold and fill it with tap water. There is no need of adding more water once the ice starts floating. 
  2. Insert the stem of the thermometer into the water for a couple of seconds. Hold your thermometer to ensure that it doesn’t touch the sides or bottom of the glass, since this can interfere with the reading. The temperature of the water should be at 32 degrees Fahrenheit or zero degrees centigrade. 

What can you do if you don’t have ice? You can test it in boiling water. The temperature should be 212 degrees Fahrenheit or 100 degrees centigrade at sea level.

  1. Adjust the calibrator if your thermometer doesn’t read 32 degrees Fahrenheit or zero degrees centigrade when inserted in ice water. Most thermometers come with a screw or dial on the back that adjusts the gauge. You can either use your hand or a wrench or your hand to make the adjustments.

Instant-read Thermometer

Instant-read thermometers happen to be the most accurate and will provide exact readings whenever you are cooking meat. However, they are not supposed to be placed inside the oven. If you are planning to use this type of thermometer, heat your meat for the minimum recommended time at first and then check the readings once you are done with the cooking process. 

An oven-safe Thermometer

Oven-safe thermometers are meant to be placed inside the food while it is cooking. With such, it is very easy to monitor the temperature throughout as your meat cooks. Oven-safe thermometers happen to be very convenient and reliable when you are preparing large meat portions. Examples include a whole chicken or turkey. 

Using a Meat Thermometer

If you want to get accurate readings, the thermometer opt to be inserted into the thickest part of the meat. This applies for both instant-read and oven-safe thermometers. The reason behind targeting the thickest part is that it takes the longest time to cook. This simply implies that the entire portion of the meat will be ready for consumption.

  • If you are cooking a whole turkey or chicken, the thickest target of the meat can either be the thigh or the breast.
  • It is also important to find a target that is not near fat or bone because these can lead to erroneous temperatures.
  • For meat slices or thinner portions, the temperatures ought to be taken from the side for accurate readings.
  • The probe of the thermometer should reach up to the indicator mark or at least 2 inches inside the meat. The majority of meat thermometers have a round temperature dial while others have digital display screens. Irrespective of the type, the probe of the thermometer should be at least 2 inches inside the meat.
  • The majority of instant-read digital thermometers only require to be inserted about half an inch. Always check the indicator mark. In most thermometers, it looks like a small notch along the length of the probe. This should guide you on how deep the thermometer needs to be inserted.
  • For an instant-read thermometer, you should wait up to 20 seconds before taking the reading.
  • The best time to check temperature is when you are about to finish cooking. After your meat has had plenty to attain the desired temperature, check the thermometer reading. What happens if it is not yet cooked? Simply return it to the heat for a couple of minutes before taking the readings once more.
  • Food will normally continue cooking even after you have removed it from the heat. If it is just about to get ready, let it rest for a few minutes and find out if it achieves the minimum recommended safe temperature.
  • You should remove the meat from the heat immediately if it is ready.  In case you are using a leave-in thermometer, it is good to insert it another half an inch after reaching the correct temperature. This will ascertain that the entire portion of the meat is properly cooked. 

Cooking Meat to the Right Temperature

Animal protein from sources like beef, poultry, chicken, and lamb are leaded with many nutrients. However, such meats can also host many bacteria like E.Coli, Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter, which can lead to foodborne diseases. It is thus important to ensure that meat is cooked to safe temperatures before consuming it. 

According to food safety experts, meat is considered safe for consumption when it has been cooked for long enough at a temperature that is high enough to kill all the harmful organisms. 

Safe cooking temperatures are mostly determined by the kind of meat that is being prepared. 


The most common types of poultry include turkey, chicken, goose, quail, duck, and pheasant. When raw, poultry may harbor Campylobacter, a bacterium that can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and muscle cramps. Raw poultry can also be contaminated with Salmonell, and Clostridium perfringes.

If whole or in ground form, the safe internal temperature for cooking poultry should be 165 degrees Fahrenheit (75 degrees centigrade).


Veal and steak should be cooked to a temperature of 145 degrees Fahrenheit or 65 degrees centigrade. For ground beef like sausages, meatballs, and burgers, the ideal cooking temperature is 160 degrees Fahrenheit or 70 degrees centigrade.

Ground meats should be cooked at a higher temperature because bacteria often tend to spread to the entire batch when grinding meat.

Lamb and Mutton

Lamb comes from young sheep in their first year, while mutton is the meat from adult sheep. Though they are commonly eaten unprocessed, there are certain cultures across the world that eats smoked or salted lamb. 

Lamb meat may host pathogens like Salmonella, E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Campylobacter, which are associated with foodborne diseases.

To eliminate these organisms, lamb chops and mutton should be cooked to 145 degrees Fahrenheit (65 degrees centigrade), while ground lamb should reach 160 degrees Fahrenheit (70 degrees centigrade).

Ham and Pork

Raw and undercooked pork products are associated with trichinosis, which is caused by a parasite known as Trichinella spiralis. Symptoms associated with trichinosis include nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, and fever, which can last for up to 8 weeks and can cause death in rare cases.

Fresh ham and pork should be cooked to a temperature of 145 degrees Fahrenheit (65 degrees centigrade). The safe temperature for reheating a precooked ham or pork is 165 degrees Fahrenheit (75 degrees centigrade).

It can be tricky to determine an internal cooking temperature for thin meats such as bacon, but it should be cooked until it is crispy.

Wild Game

Some people enjoy eating meat from wild game like rabbits, elk, deer, and buffalo. These types of meat have their own internal cooking temperatures, although they tend to be closer to those of other animals.

For ground elk, cook to a minimum temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit (70 degrees centigrade), while roasts or steaks should be heated to 145 degrees Fahrenheit (65 degrees centigrade). After attaining this internal temperature, elk is considered to be safe although the meat may still look pink.

Ground bison and rabbit should as well be heated to an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit (70 degrees centigrade), while their roasts and steaks should reach 145 degrees Fahrenheit (65 degrees centigrade).

Choosing Meat Thermometer

The most common types of meat thermometers include:

  1. Oven thermometer
  2. Digital instant-read thermometer
  3. Dial instant-read thermometer
  4. Pop-up thermometers
  5. Wireless meat thermometer
  6. Disposable temperature indicators

When you are selecting a meat thermometer, consider the types of meat that you normally cook, and also your preferred cooking methods. For example, if you frequently cook meat, go for a durable multipurpose thermometer that will last. There are plenty of meat thermometers that are locally available or you can purchase online.

Why You Need a Meat Thermometer

In reference to Robert Gravani, Phd, Food Science Professor at Cornell University, most cooks are capable of telling when the food is done and safe for human consumption from simple looks and feels. Nevertheless, recent studies demonstrated that color and texture are not reliable indicators of food temperature safety, according to USDA. The use of a food thermometer is the surest method to ensure that meat, poultry, and fish are cooked to temperatures high enough to eliminate all the harmful microorganisms.

Cleaning a Meat Thermometer

It is important to ensure that a meat thermometer is clean before you return it back to its storing place. This may look practical although there are certain things you need before cleaning a meat thermometer. Should it be washed or rinsed? When can you wash it and how?

If a thermometer is inserted when the meat is still raw, it can become contaminated with harmful microorganisms. It is thus important to properly clean it before it is stored or inserted back into undercooked meat to check temperature again. 

In addition, the thermometer can still become caked with food particles or grease. Fat may attach to the probe if the thermometer is continuously used for an extended period without cleaning.  This can make it difficult to generate the correct reading. 

So, when can you clean it? 

Apart from cleaning when you have finished cooking, there are other instances that a meat thermometer should be washed. Examples include when you are using it to measure the internal temperature of uncooked meat and then used again on cooked foods.

It is also a good idea to clean your meat thermometer when you are using it to check the temperatures of cooked dishes to get rid of food particles and grease, which can lead to inaccurate readings.

How should you clean a meat thermometer?

According to some food safety education specialists, a food thermometer needs to be cleaned the same way other food-contact surfaces are cleaned. This implies when you start cooking, followed by washing, and then disinfecting to ensure it is safe before using. 

Meat thermometers should be washed with soap and hot water to eliminate bacteria, grease and food particles. You don’t have to submerge the entire thermometer in water. Damages can occur in some of its components and alter the readings. Once you are done with cleaning, rinse your thermometer and dry well before sanitizing.

If you are cleaning a digital meat thermometer, care should be taken because they normally have a sensitive probe. 

For wireless digital thermometer, cleaning should mainly focus the tip of the probe.

Other meat thermometer cleaning tricks involve the use of alcohol wipes, bar soap, cooking spray, and white vinegar. Sanitization can be done using boiling water chlorine bleach, or alcohol swabs.


Using a meat thermometer is a practical way to ensure that your food is cooked properly. It is important to know the safe internal cooking temperatures of the different types of meat that you regularly consume to lower the risk of contracting foodborne illnesses. Insert the meat thermometer in the thickest part and take readings in 10 to 15 minutes if you are using an instant-read type. While most meats only require a temperature of 145 degrees Fahrenheit to eliminate all the bacteria, certain types may need higher temperatures. 

Of all the instruments and tools regarded as important in clinical examination, none has had widespread application than the clinical thermometer. The clinical instrument has experienced a rudimental evolution from thermoscope, the first instrument used to measure temperature, to now the new digital thermometer. The first modern thermometer with a standardized scale was invented in 1714 by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, after which it incorporated the modern Celsius scale invented by Anders Celsius in 1742.

When dealing with recurrent fevers in both adults and children, it is common to be concerned about the best way to use a thermometer and record accurate readings. There are mainly four methods that you can use a thermometer namely: orally (mouth), rectal (anus), axillary (armpit), and tympanic (ear). However, the different methods of measuring temperature readings produce accurate but different average readings.

This article will offer 360 degrees insight on the best way to use a thermometer and record accurate temperature readings.

Different Types of Thermometers 

Before delving deeper on how to use a thermometer, it is essential to first have a clear understanding of the different types of thermometers. There are mainly five types of thermometers that you can use to measure temperature readings as outlined below.

Glass thermometers

Glass thermometers, just like the name suggests, comes with a glass body. The thermometer contains mercury that expands and contracts with the change in temperature. Some of the main drawbacks of these thermometers are that they are difficult to read and measure temperature readings slowly. You should never use glass thermometers to read children’s oral temperatures, as they can bite them and cause safety concerns due to broken glass and mercury.

Digital electronic thermometers 

Digital thermometers use heat sensors to measure temperature readings and are powered by button batteries. Their heat sensors use the latest technology to measure temperature readings, which underlines their high speed, usually in seconds. The temperature readings are then displayed on the thermometer’s screen in numbers for easy reading.

You can use digital electronic thermometers to measure rectal, oral, and axillary temperatures. Digital electronic thermometers come in different shapes and sizes and you can get them in a majority of the pharmacies and supermarkets at a wide range of prices.

Ear Thermometers 

Ear Thermometers 

Ear thermometers are infrared thermometers used to read eardrum temperatures thus providing accurate temperatures as those of rectal. These types of thermometers read temperatures in seconds, thus being among the fastest thermometers in the market. Also, ear thermometers do not cause any discomfort and don’t require the cooperation of a child.

Most of the ear thermometers retail at an average price of $30 to $40 and comes in different sizes, types, and shapes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), electronic ear thermometers should never be used to read infants’ eardrum temperatures, as their ear canals are too small.

Temporal Artery Thermometers 

Temporal artery thermometers are infrared thermometers that read blood temperatures in the temporal artery. This is the blood artery that crosses through your forehead often visible after body exercises. Temporal artery thermometer temperature readings tend to be more accurate than those of the ear thermometers.

The strong point of these thermometers is that they take temperature readings within seconds and do not cause any discomfort. However, to acquire one, you must dig deeper into your pockets as they are the costliest thermometers currently, retailing at over $60.

Digital Electronic Pacifier Thermometers 

Digital electronic pacifier thermometers, just like digital electronic thermometers, read temperature readings with the use of heat sensors and are powered by button batteries. They are ideal for measuring children’s oral temperatures and are used by placing them in the mouth for at least 3 minutes, something which is not possible for toddlers.

How to Take Rectal Temperatures 

Reading rectal temperatures is one of the most accurate and effective ways of measuring body temperatures. A digital electronic thermometer is the best thermometer used to measure rectal temperatures. Note that rectal temperatures tend to be one degree more than axillary and oral temperatures.

Below are the correct steps that you should take when using the digital electronic thermometer to measure rectal temperatures.

Turn the thermometer on 

To use a digital electronic thermometer, you must first turn it on by pressing the power button. Ensure that it is in the right condition and the batteries are working for accurate temperature readings. Also, ensure that your digital thermometer is calibrated correctly and all the settings are okay.

Lubricate the thermometer

When taking rectal temperatures, you should shy away from causing any discomfort, that’s why you should consider buying a digital thermometer with a flexible tip to ease the insertion process. Besides, you must first apply the digital thermometer with a water-based lubricant on its end as well as the bottom (anus) opening before inserting the thermometer, to ease the process. Also, lay at a good angle that will enable you to reach the bottom easily and remain still but comfortable.

Insert the thermometer 

After ensuring that both the thermometer and the bottom are well lubricated, insert the digital thermometer gently into the bottom at least 1 inch. In case you are taking the temperature readings of a child under the age of 6 months, insert the thermometer about a quarter or half an inch to avoid discomfort. Keep in mind that you should never force the thermometer against any resistance to avoid damaging the bowel.

Wait for the beep sound 

When using a digital thermometer, you don’t need to worry about how many minutes the thermometer should remain in the bottom. Once you have inserted the thermometer, all you need to do is wait for the beeping sound, which indicates that it has read the temperature. After hearing the beeping sound take the thermometer out and read its readings, if over 38 degrees Celsius you might be having a fever and thus need medical attention.

Clean the thermometer

After reading and recording the rectal temperatures, gently clean the thermometer using a clean sponge dipped in clean lukewarm water or alcohol to kill germs. Rinse the thermometer with clean water to remove alcohol and wipe it with a clean cloth or towel and return it to its case for storage. Ensure that your rectal thermometer is labelled to avoid using it orally for hygiene reasons.

How to Take Axillary (armpit) Temperatures 

fever thermometer

Axillary temperature is one of the most common ways that people use when measuring their body temperatures. The method is not only safe but also gives a quick temperature reading at minimal expense and effort and doesn’t cause any discomfort. However, it doesn’t give accurate and reliable body temperatures as it registers 1 degree lower than that of rectal temperatures.

The good thing with axillary temperatures is that they can be taken with both standard and digital thermometers. Below are the steps that you should take when taking axillary temperature readings using a thermometer.

Turn on the thermometer 

In case you are using a powered thermometer, you will need to turn it on before placing it under the armpits. Similar to measuring rectal temperatures, you must ensure that your thermometer’s batteries are working correctly and that it is calibrated correctly to give accurate readings. Consider taking axillary temperatures of both armpits for better temperature accuracy and pick the highest readings.

Place its tip under the armpits 

Before placing the thermometer under the armpits, you must ensure that your armpits are clean and dry by gently cleaning them using a tissue. Avoid taking a hot or cold shower before taking axillary temperatures or doing body exercises as it will affect your body temperature readings. For optimal body temperature readings, place your thermometer in the deepest part of your armpit.

Close the armpit 

Consequently, close your armpits tightly by holding your hand against the chest to hold the thermometer in place and tap the body heat. Let the thermometer rest under the armpit for about 4 to 5 minutes or until it beeps, for digital thermometers. When removing the thermometer from your armpits, do not touch its tip to avoid distorting its readings, but wipe it with a clean tissue paper.

Read its temperature readings 

After the 4 minutes, take the thermometer out of the armpit to read the body temperature readings. The average axillary temperature should be between 35.9 degrees Celsius and 36.7 degrees Celsius. Normally, axillary temperatures are usually 1 degree Celsius lower than those of other temperature reading methods.

In case you are not sure with the armpit readings, you could confirm by measuring rectal temperatures and compare the two. However, remember that rectal temperatures are usually one degree higher than that of axillary temperatures. If your axillary temperature readings are above 38 degrees Celsius, then you might be suffering from fever and you need medical attention.

How to Take Oral (mouth) Temperatures 

oral thermometer

The average oral temperatures for children ranges between 36.4 and 37.4 degrees Celsius, while that or adult is 37 degrees Celsius. Anything higher than that indicates that you are suffering from fever, and you need medical attention. However, it is important to note that oral temperatures vary depending on your activity.

Avoid taking cold or hot drinks or eating food before taking oral temperatures, to avoid reading inaccurate temperatures. Below is a guide of how to take oral temperatures.

Clean the thermometer’s tip 

Even though your thermometer may look clean, chances are that it might have accumulated some pathogens during storage that could be harmful to your health. That’s why you must first clean it using clean lukewarm water, rub it with alcohol, and rinse it with clean and cool water. Subsequently, you could use a throw-away cover if you don’t want to clean the thermometer but ensure that it is also clean.

Place the thermometer’s tip under the tongue 

Open your mouth and place the thermometer’s tip under the tongue close your lips gently. The accuracy of your oral temperature thermometer will depend on where you place it in the mouth. Consider placing it at one side of the tongue and towards the back of your mouth for accurate readings. Avoid breathing through the mouth while the oral thermometer is in your mouth, to avoid distorting its readings and to keep your mouth closed.

Let the thermometer settle 

After placing the thermometer under your tongue, you should let it settle for about 4 to 5 minutes or until it beeps, for the digital thermometers. Remove the thermometer from your mouth, clean it gently using a tissue paper to remove saliva, and read your oral temperatures. In case your oral temperatures exceed 38 degrees Celsius, then you could be suffering from fever and you need medical attention.

How to Take Tympanic (ear) Temperature 

Taking tympanic temperatures is one of the most accurate ways of measuring body temperatures. For accurate ear temperature readings, you must have spent at least 15 minutes indoors before taking the measurements. However, it is essential to note that ear infections, ear wax buildup, laying on an ear, and the angle of the thermometer can affect its readings.

Tympanic thermometers measure tympanic pressure by sensing the reflected infrared emissions generated from the tympanic membrane (eardrum). Here is how you can take tympanic temperatures.

  • Clean your ear thermometer 

Ear thermometers might contain pathogens that once introduced in your ear canal can cause ear infections. This being the case, you must clean your ear thermometer before use to clear all the pathogens that it might have accumulated on it. Thus, gently clean the tympanic thermometer with clean lukewarm water, apply alcohol on its surface to kill germs, and rinse it with cool water to remove the alcohol.

  • Straighten your ear canal 

Placing the tympanic thermometer in the curved and small ear canal can cause discomfort and will give inaccurate readings. That’s why you must straighten your ear canal before inserting the thermometer in your ears, to ease the process. Straightening your ear canal should not be a hard nut to crack, as all you need is simply pull your ears backwards,

After ensuring that your ear canals are straight, you can then place the thermometer in them while aiming its probe towards the eye located on the opposite side of the head. After ensuring that it is in the right position, press the tympanic thermometer button to start reading your body temperature.

  • Let it settle in the ear canal 

The good thing with tympanic thermometers is that they are very fast, taking at least 2 seconds to read body temperatures. Once your tympanic thermometer has read your body temperatures, it will make a beeping sound to alert you when to remove it. After removing it from your ear canal, clean it gently using a tissue paper and read the temperature readings. For optimum and accurate tympanic readings, take the temperatures of both ears, compare the two readings, and pick the highest.

How to Take Temporal Artery Temperatures

Taking temporal artery temperatures can only be done using an artery thermometer that uses infrared heat waves to read body temperatures. Temporal artery temperatures are among the most accurate readings and can be used as a reference point by oral or armpit temperatures. Here is how you should take temporal artery temperatures.

  • Place the thermometer on your forehead 

Temporal artery thermometers have sensors responsible for reading the blood temperatures in the temporal artery. The temporal artery is located at your forehead and close to the skin running across your head. That’s why you need to place the sensor head of the temporal artery thermometer at the centre of your head between the hairline and the eyebrows.

  • Depress the scan button 

After ensuring that you have placed the temporal artery thermometer in the right place, hit the scan button on the TA thermometer to start scanning. Keep the scan button depressed until it completes scanning, for accurate temperature readings. Releasing the scanning button too soon will give low and inaccurate temperature readings.

Slowly slide the thermometer across your forehead towards the ears, ensuring that it is in close contact with your skin. Keep in mind that different TA thermometers have a different method of use and you will need to go through your thermometer’s user manual.

  • Release the scan button 

After reaching your hairline, release the scan button and remove the TA thermometer from the skin. The thermometer will display your body temperatures on its display screen located on the upper side of the TA thermometer. In case your body temperature readings exceed 38 degrees Celsius, know that you might have a fever attack and will need to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Bottom Line 

When all is said and done, your health should come first in your pecking order and that’s why possessing a clinical thermometer is essential. However, you must first know how to accurately use the thermometers, to get the accurate temperature readings. By following this guide, you will be able to.

Honeywell is the manufacturer of a number of products for heat pumps, air conditioning and residential heating systems. Irrespective of whatever HVAC system you are using in your home, or whether you are planning to buy a thermostat one, some problems can occur and we can help you with solutions.

You can find Honeywell thermostats in different forms, including rectangular or round dial types that let you to set a single temperature and an air conditioner that regulates the furnace to attain temperature near the selected setting. 

These devices are simply mechanical and their mode of function has nothing special. Most thermostats normally work using a simple vial of mercury along with a heat sensitive bi-metal coil that either contracts or expands depending on the temperatures in the room. 

Nevertheless, most thermostats don’t use high-tech sophistication. And despite the fact that they are dependable and convenient, some are very old and have been functional for decades since their introduction in 1953.

However, Modern Honeywell thermostats are highly sophisticated digital electronic devices that are capable of automating the HVAC system to regulate temperatures inside your house using up to four different settings for each of the seven days of the week. In other words, you can set these advanced thermostats to automatically adjust up to 28 different settings in the course of one week. 

There are simpler models that only come with two levels of programming – one for weekdays and another one for the weekend. 

Although these remarkable analog and electronic thermostats from Honeywell are quite reliable, they can occasionally develop some problems.

Thermostat Troubleshooting

Analog Thermostats Troubleshooting

You can find analog thermostats that are round or square in shape depending on the model. These thermostats normally come with a HEAT_COOL or OFF controls and an AUTO or OFF switch position that controls the fan.

Here are the steps you should follow to troubleshoot analog thermostats:

  1. To check whether the heater is operational, turn the thermostat to the HEAT position and set the temperature as high as possible. For instance you can set the temperature to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and allow the furnace to activate in about 5 minutes. If you feel or hear the furnace activating, simply know that it is working well.
  2. Adjust the switch at the top of the thermostat to COOL and switch the fan to AUTO. You can either turn the dial or set the temperature switch to lowest setting. For instance, set it at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Give the thermostat about 5 minutes to find out if cool air starts to flow. If the AC unit kicks in, then your thermostat is functioning well.
  3. However, if nothing works after trying the above tests, then there is a problem with the heater or the air conditioner. You can remove the top cover and check if the small colored wires are well connected inside the unit with the help of color-coded wiring diagram found in the user manual. In most cases, it is just a matter of restoring the low-voltage wire connections to get your thermostat working in the right way.
  4. What about if the wiring is ok? That indicates there might be a problem with the furnace if not the air conditioner. It may also mean that your thermostat needs replacement if it is very old. It will now be the right time to install a newer electronic programmable thermostat.

Digital Programmable Thermostat Troubleshooting

You can find digital programmable thermostats in different types and model numbers. Some come with keypads that have digital displays while others have touch screens. The most expensive and recent ones allow you control your thermostat using your computer, tablet or smart phone. 

Below are examples of the most common issues that your digital programmable thermostat may experience and how you can restore its functions. 

Nothing Displays

Lack of anything to display is one of the most common problem experienced with digital programmable thermostats. Most experience this problem because:

  • The access door on the furnace is open or not completely shut. A good number of modern furnaces come with a door switch that only engages when the door is closed properly. The entire system cannot activate when the door is open or not fully shut. Failure to close the furnace door properly cuts power to the thermostat.
  • The batteries in the thermostat are completely discharged. If your thermostat uses batteries, replace them as that can cause display problems. A good number of digital programmable thermostats come with a battery alert that will prompt you to replace the batteries through a warning message on the screen.
  • The circuit breaker on the air conditioner or the furnace has tripped. Most building codes have dedicated circuits for furnaces and air conditioners, whereby the circuit breakers to these devices trip if there is a short circuit. Even if the circuit breaker has not tripped, switch it off and then on.

Thermostat Not Working Correctly

If your thermostat display is ok but the thermostat is not working as it should in regulating temperatures, examine if the following are the causes:

    • Disconnected low-voltage wires. Inside the thermostat, there are small colored wires that run from the main circuit to other components of the system. These wires should be connected properly for the thermostat to work as it should. Some thermostats only require three wire hook ups although some require up to six or more depending on the number of components that come with your system. You can refer to the color chart that comes with your instruction manual in case you want to fix disconnected wires. 
    • Incorrect time of the day or the day of the week. The internal clock can lose its setting, particularly after power outages. Although the internal battery should hold the clock setting if there is a power outage, they don’t always work correctly. Check if the clock is set to the right time of day and week. You can follow the instructions on the user manual to set the correct time depending on your thermostat model number normally found at the back of the thermostat. 
  • Incorrect jumper settings. You can remove the top cover to check out if the jumper settings on your thermostat are correct. With some Howell thermostat models, you should ensure that the jumpers are in the right position depending on the air conditioner, the heat pump, or the furnace that you have. For instance, some Honeywell thermostats require the jumper in the HE setting for the electric furnace and the HG setting for your oil or gas furnace. This allows your fan to activate when switched to the automatic mode.

The Furnace or Air Conditioner Not Working 

Chances are that the problem has nothing to do with the thermostat but rather with your furnace, air conditioner, or another component. The problem can be anything to do with the humidifier or air-exchange unit. To find out where the problem lies:

  1. Set your thermostat in the COOL mode using the SYSTEM button, and lower the temperature to the minimum and the fan set to AUTO. Give it 5 minutes to check if the unit will activate.
  2. Repeat the same steps for heat, with the fan set to AUTO. Switch on the system button until HEAT shows on the screen, and set the temperatures to the maximum setting. Wait for five minutes and find out if the heating unit will activate.
  3. If the two actions above don’t activate the furnace, air conditioner, or the heat pump, then there is a problem in the thermostat and most likely it is in another component of the HVAC system. This is more likely if your thermostat is newly installed and you have already confirmed that the wiring is correct.

What Else Can You Check if Your Thermostat is Not Working?

If there is no problem with the furnace, air conditioner, and the heat pump, there are some areas that still require to be examined. 

Check for dirt and dust

Dust and dirt can bring to a halt the proper functioning of your thermostat. You can remove the cover of your thermostat and wipe off dirt and dust from wires and other components. This can be best done with the help of a dust sprayer and caution should be observed to avert further damages. If you can’t access a dust sprayer, a soft brush with an attachment can be used gently and carefully to remove dirt and dust. There are some thermostats that come with two parallel metal strips. You can wipe off dirt and dust from the strips using a soft cloth.

Corroded or lose wires

Replace all the corroded wires and tighten up the lose ones. Find out if your thermostat will start working again.

The positioning of your thermostat

The thermostat functions by detecting the temperatures of your room and then compares it with the desired setting. If your room is too hot too cold, the thermostat will request for air or heat based on the temperature it detects. 

It is thus a good idea to place your thermostat in an area with a neutral temperature. This means that the environment should not affect the surrounding temperature. For instance, placing it in your kitchen is a bad idea because cooking can make the thermostat detect high temperatures emanating from cooking fumes. Place your thermostat in a well insulated area.

Ensure your thermostat is leveled

Ensure that your thermostat is not slanted or tilted. Although this may irrelevant, it’s worth noting that your thermostat will only function properly if it sits on a leveled position. Mount your thermostat at least 5 feet from the ground.

Modify heat adjustments

Set your thermostat up to five degrees warmer during the heating season and up to five degrees during the cooling season. You should then find out the effect that these adjustments bring on your home.

NOTE: You should never open the top cover of your thermostat before unplugging from the power source. It is also advisable to plug it back to the power source after you have returned the top cover. 

Dealing with Extreme Temperature Changes

If you notice problems with extreme swings in room temperature while working with gas- or oil-burning furnace, you may need a simple adjustment on your thermostat. Here are the steps to follow:

Remove the top cover

If you are using a mechanical thermostat with a mercury switch, use a small torpedo level to ensure that to ensure that the thermostat is mounted level on the wall. It cannot measure the temperatures if it isn’t level.

Set the heat anticipator 

Most thermostats come with a small lever that moves along a calibrated scale which can be marked “longer”. This represents the heat anticipator.  It should be set one calibration mark closer to the “longer” setting if your furnace keeps going on and off frequently. 

Wait for a couple of hours for your thermostat to stabilize 

You can repeat these adjustments if your thermostat fails to stabilize. Consider replacing your thermostat if these adjustments don’t solve your problem. 


If you notice that your Honeywell thermostat is acting in a funny way, it is not working well, nothing is displaying on the screen, or there is poor communication to your cooling and heating system, there might be a problem. There could be issues with your thermostat or there may be mechanical problems with your ventilation, heating, or cooling unit.

Some issues that may prevent issues with temperature regulation inside your house may more likely be a problem with your heat pump, ventilation, A/C, or furnace. 

If your thermostat fails to respond after trying all the above troubleshooting ideas, consider replacing with a more advanced model. Honeywell thermostat manufacturers have invested their energy and resources to ensure that they are in the frontline with a variety of products that will suit your home’s needs.

It is our hope that we have covered common issues that you might experience with your Honeywell thermostat. You can reach out to the manufacturer for a better walkthrough of your home’s heating settings if your problems are not resolved.

With the boom of mobile apps across the globe, checking weather news and meteorological reports has become convenient and easier. But, meteorological reports given by these apps often contain inconsistencies, as they get their information from weather stations located miles away from your area code. That’s why purchasing a personal weather station is the most ideal way of getting accurate data about your locality’s weather conditions.

A personal weather station is a small device used to collect data from the environment, using different sensors. The collected data is then used to gauge the current climatic conditions and predict future weather conditions.  To get hyper-local weather information, technologically sophisticated weather stations that are easy to set up and use have been developed, and go for $150 to $2500 depending on their accuracy and quality. our another review best indoor outdoor thermometer.

This article will give 360 degrees insight of the personal weather stations, and everything you need to know about them before purchasing one.

Maintenance Guidelines of a Personal Weather Station

A good quality personal weather station should provide you with trouble-free performance for years. However, routine inspection and timely maintenance retains its accuracy and extends its lifespan, thus giving you value for your money. Outlined below are the local maintenance guidelines for the various weather station sensors.

Solar Radiation

Solar radiation is the most important sensor to maintain, as it is a key parameter of calculating ET. Its glass dome and white sensing surface must be kept clean and free from dust, dirt, bird droppings, and debris. The debris or dirt on the sensor should be removed first, and the white sensing surface cleaned using damp clothing.

While cleaning the solar radiation sensor, you should ensure the sensor is facing towards the sky by examining its bull’s eye level located on the mounting plate. If the sensor is not leveled, you should adjust the leveling screws on the plate using a hex key and screwdriver. This sensor should be examined weekly for optimum performance.

Rain Gauge Sensor

Maintaining a rain gauge involves ensuring its gauge level is leveled and the collection funnel free from debris or dirt. Check the level using the carpenter’s level located across the collection funnel opening. In case the gauge is not leveled, you will need to adjust it to the correct position.

Collection funnel needs regular cleaning, as insects, dirt, and turf clippings often clogs it, preventing water from reaching the weather station’s recording mechanism. The collection funnel is detachable giving way for extensive cleaning if necessary. When attaching the collection funnel, ensure that it is seated properly against the gauge’s base and is level.

Inspect the rain gauge sensor weekly because it is more prone to damage than other sensors. In case your rain gauge sensor keeps being faulty due to bird droppings, you could install a deterrent around its funnel rim to prevent their landing.

Temperature and humidity sensor

Temperature and humidity sensor maintenance is complex and should be assigned to trained and skilled technicians. But, the lifespan of these sensors can be extended by regularly cleaning the accumulated debris and dirt in the weather station’s radiation shield. The sprinklers level should also be regularly inspected and adjusted to prevent the radiation shield from coming into direct contact with water.

Temperature and humidity sensors should be checked on a monthly basis, as they are not prone to damage. In case your sensor has accumulated dust, consider removing its shielding and gently brushing off its mesh using a dry and soft toothbrush.

Wind Speed Sensor

The most appropriate time to inspect your wind speed sensor is in the morning, as that is when there are slow and light winds.  The wind speed sensor cups must be regularly cleaned both in their interior and exterior using damp clothing or the index finger. If the cups don’t spin freely, consider loosening the set screw.

Dirty sensor bearings fail to rotate at slow wind thus giving erroneous wind speed data. To avoid this, you should clean the dirty bearings occasionally using a wet cloth, for optimum performance. In case you clean the bearings and the problem persists, the bearings might be faulty and will need replacement.

Replacing the sensor bearings should be done by a trained and skilled technician as it requires wind speed sensor knowhow. Wind sensor maintenance should be done quarterly, as it is are damage resistant.


Although personal weather stations records accurate data due to their digital sensors, they often drift from their initial values, thus giving misleading data. Regular recalibration of temperature, wind speed, and rain gauge readings of the weather stations is therefore important, to improve their accuracy levels. Recalibrating your weather station should be easy, as all you need to do is follow the user manual instructions.

To diagnose whether your personal weather station is faulty, consider comparing its readings with other stations. You could use the official NWS reporting station or other weather stations as your reference point to recalibrate your weather station. However, you need to tread carefully when choosing the weather station to reference your station with, as they might also be faulty.

Check the siting

During the maintenance process, you should always check whether your personal weather station is siting in an optimal position for the accuracy of your data. The ideal siting of a personal weather station is on a leveled ground that is open and free from any obstruction. The ground must be a representative of the surrounding areas to avoid distorting the data.

In case you mount your weather station on a pole, ensure it is sturdy and strong to avoid tilting which could affect its data readings. In addition, ensure that your weather station is not surrounded by factors that might affect its readings like chimneys, slanted roofs, or air vents among others for optimum data collection. Occasionally examine the condition of your weather station to check whether some of its parts are broken or some screws are missing and replace or repair it immediately.

Personal Weather Station Siting Instructions

Correctly siting your personal weather station can be challenging due to the changing sub-urban and urban surroundings. Thus, recording perfect readings may not be possible but you must work towards being as close as possible to the set standards. Generally, avoiding obstructions and placing your personal weather station in an open space will give accurate and unbiased data.

Outlined below are the instructions you must adhere to when siting your personal weather station.

  • Temperature and Humidity Sensor

For optimal collection of data, temperature and humidity sensors must be placed on an open level ground, ideally 10 meters in diameter. The ground surface must be covered with short natural vegetation which is a representative of the surrounding area for optimum accuracy. Also, mount your temperature and humidity sensors in ventilated areas that are shielded from thermal radiation.

Your sensors should sit at least 1.25 to 2 meters above the ground and should be placed at a horizontal distance, two times the height of the nearest obstruction, or 30 meters away from paved areas. For instance, if the nearest building is 20 feet, you must place the sensors 40 feet away from it. Avoid placing your weather station on rocks, steep slopes, dark-colored surfaces, high vegetation, swamps, or roofs.

Temperature and humidity sensors are best sited in shaded environment that is out of reach from direct sunlight. If you don’t have an appropriate shaded area to mount your weather station, consider building a manmade shade like a shiny tin lid that is painted black at the back. Also keep the sensors away from any heat source such as air vents, air conditioners, or chimneys among others.

  • Anemometer Sensors

Mount your anemometer sensor 10 feet above the ground and at a horizontal distance, at least 10 times the height of the nearest obstruction. In case you mount your anemometer sensor at the side of the mast other than its top, you should place the sensor horizontally, extending 3 times the mast’s diameter. For instance, if the weather station is mounted of a 4 inch pole, the boom must be extended 12 inches away.

Anemometer and wind vane sensors are best sited in high altitude areas free from any vegetation or buildings, to allow free flow of air. If you plan to mount the sensors on a chimney or a building place them as clear as possible to prevent them from the venturi effect.

  • Rain Gauge Sensor

Citizen Weather Observer Program (CWOP) recommends that the rain gauge sensor should be mounted 4 to 6 feet above the ground to avoid splash back. The sensors should also be placed at a horizontal distance, four times the height of the nearby obstruction. The ground surface that the sensor is mounted on should be leveled and away from horizontal surfaces to prevent snow buildup.

Rain gauge sensors work optimally when located in flat and open areas where they is free flow of rainfall. Also, the sensors should be placed on strong and sturdy poles that won’t lean even on strong winds, to avoid tilting which can affect its readings. Do not mount your rain gauge sensor on the leeward side for optimal data collection.

  • All-In-One-Sensors

In case you have a personal weather station that has an all-in-one sensor suite, you should compromise between anemometer’s 33 feet ideal height and 4 to 6 feet temperature, rain gauge, and humidity sensor ideal height.  The ideal option is to go with 10 feet height or above. Mounting your all-in-one sensor suite very high will make cleaning its funnel from debris, dirt, and bird droppings a hard nut to crack, thus affecting its data readings.

Buying Considerations of a Personal Weather Station

Weather stations come in different types, shapes, and prices and are designed to cater for different customer needs.  Unfortunately, the quality and cost of the weather stations often have a close correlation as high quality weather stations retail at higher prices that lower quality. However, besides the cost, there is a host of buying considerations that you must consider before making your purchase as outlined below.

  • Type of the weather station

Personal weather stations mainly come in two types namely; wired and wireless weather stations. The wired weather station’s console and sensors are connected by a wire while the wireless weather station doesn’t. The wired weather station tends to have more accuracy and is easy to use and install.

The wireless weather station, on the other hand, has simple installation requirements as no fixing or drilling of wires is needed. The station also has wide internet capabilities and is easily portable, but often have transmission and battery issues. When picking your weather station choose one that fits your preferences and needs.

  • Ease of installation and use

A personal weather station is made up of very many components which complicate the installation process. This forces you to dig deeper into your pockets to hire a skilled technician to install the weather station at your home. This should however not be the case; you need a weather station that is easy to use and read to avoid paying the additional costs.

As stated earlier, wireless weather stations are easier to install and use, but, there are wireless weather stations that are easy to set up too. Pick a weather station that is already assembled and ready to mount to save your time and energy of installing.

  • Transmission Range

The transmission range is a key feature of any personal weather station as it determines its functionality. Majority of the weather stations have a transmission distance of 300 feet or 1000 feet, but some comes with wireless repeaters that enables you to extend their transmission range. A weather station with a high transmission range will send real-time weather alerts to far distances, thus enabling you to stay safe.

However, the higher the transmission range a weather station has, the more it will cost you to buy one. Consider buying a weather station with maximum transmission range possible that is within your budget. Buying a weather station with a high transmission range at a higher price is worth it, as it will give you a return on investment.

  • Weather conditions reported

Majority of weather stations report basic climatic conditions like barometric pressure, humidity, precipitation, temperature, and wind speed among others. However, there are high quality stations that offer additional information like solar and UV radiation, soil temperature, transpiration, leaf wetness, apparent temperature, and moisture evaporation among others.

Thus, different weather stations have different capabilities that you must consider when picking on the right one to purchase. Sadly, the price and the functionality of weather stations go hand in hand, which underlines why stations that offer additional information cost more than those that record basic weather conditions. What is important is buying a weather station that fulfills your personal needs.

  • Updating frequency

The updating frequency is the speed that a weather station’s sensors use to transmit the collected data to the console for analysis and display. Majority of the weather stations update dynamic climatic conditions such as wind direction and speed every 2 to 4 seconds while other weather conditions in every 10 to 15 seconds. A high updating frequency is particularly important, as it enables you to get instantaneous updates on the weather conditions thus enabling you to stay safe and sound.

Consider buying a weather station that has a higher updating frequency, so that you can be updated when a storm or hurricane hits. Unfortunately, in case you want a weather station with the highest updating frequency, you will have to dig deeper into your pockets because they retail at high prices but they are worth it.

  • Display resolution

Normal weather stations display their weather forecast data on digital screens using icons. Many stations feature numerous keys and icons that shows different weather condition reports once they are pressed. The stations with ample icon option are easier to navigate.

Weather station’s digital screens differ on their resolution; with the high quality stations having high resolution screens while the low quality ones having low resolution. The display resolution of a weather station determines its ease or difficulty of use as well as its accuracy. A weather station with a higher resolution display is easier to use when compared to one with a poor resolution digital screen.

Some personal weather stations come with reading software that is installed in a computer for easy and convenient viewing. The more the display of a weather station is clear, the more you will be able to accurately read its measurement readings. Thus, when purchasing your weather station, consider buying one with a high resolution display that is within your budget.

Benefits of Owning a Personal Weather Station

Investing your hard earned money on a personal weather station is a good investment as it assures you of a return on investment. The device enables you to keep track of the weather conditions in your locality to keep your family and property safe. Here are the benefits that owning a weather station bring on the table and why you should own one.

  • Their data is shareable

Majority of the personal weather stations can easily function on multiple electronic devices at the same time due to technological advancements. This makes it easy and convenient to share weather updates with your family or friends instantly. A weather station comes in handy, in areas prone to extreme weather conditions, as you can easily share critical weather information to avert injuries or deaths.

  • Sends you real-time alerts

Weather conditions change drastically over a short time, particularly in areas prone to hurricanes and storms. Luckily, personal weather stations can be calibrated to send real-time weather alerts to your phone or personal computer. These weather stations act as bad weather conditions alarms, which go a long way in helping you to keep your family, friends, or properties safe and sound.

  • Records accurate readings

In case the meteorological department is located far away from your home, their weather forecast report may not rhyme with that of your locality, due to the difference in distance. This often leads to faulty weather forecast reports that might throw your plans into disarray. Once you buy a personal weather station, the device will record the accurate data in your area thus providing you accurate readings which you can rely on.

  • Ease of use and installation

Personal weather stations are designed to be efficient, straightforward, and easy to use and install. This in turn enables you to not only save your time and energy but also avoid paying additional installation costs. The wireless weather station is particularly very easy to use, as it gives accurate and the most important information that you need.

  • Enables you to maintain your home

Weather elements are particularly ruthless and can cause serious damage to your home or property, especially when they attack when you least expect them to. This in turn forces you to dig deeper into your pocket for repair, maintenance, and labor costs, thus throwing your financial health into a coma. A personal weather station will inform you on the impending harsh weather conditions, so that you can protect your home in advance.

Bottom Line

Being informed on the impending weather conditions on a daily basis is beneficial, especially if you live in an area that is prone to harsh weather conditions like storms and hurricanes. An accurate and high quality personal weather station enables you to remain updated on the weather conditions in your locality, prepare for the impending harsh climatic conditions, and keep your family safe. Keep in mind that the weather station you buy, how you maintain it, and where you site the device will play a big role in your safety and that or your family.

Do not rush in making decisions, take your time to process what your needs are, the best location to mount your station, and learn the basic maintenance guidelines before purchasing one.

Although Beyblades are hardy and durable toys, they are not indestructible especially with the intensity that their battles bring on the table. Their components suffer abuses and stresses, when they collide with each other, causing them to chip, crack, smash, or get damaged. Your success or failure of Beyblade battles solely depends on the condition of the Beyblade, which underlines the importance of fixing them.

Beyblade comes mainly with three components namely energy wheel, forge disc, and performance tip. The energy wheel is responsible for getting into contact with other Beyblades during battles; forge disc affects its movement and weight, while a performance tip affects its speed and stamina. You must ensure that all your Beyblade components are in good shape to optimize its performance.

The good thing is that with superglue and solder, you can easily repair broken plastic Beyblade components. Read on to find out everything you need to know about fixing a Beyblade.

How to Fix a Beyblade

Assemble Beyblade

Assess its Condition

Just like a doctor examines you before offering his or her treatment, you should do the same when fixing your Beyblade. Assessing the Beyblade will not only help you know the component that you need to fix but also whether the Beyblade has additional problems that need to be solved. Assessing your Beyblade should be a walk in the park; all you need to do is examine its condition.

During the assessment, look for cracks and signs of chipping, examine whether the Beyblade is missing any component, and carry out tests whether it is performing as it should. Once you have done your assessment, you should consider whether the components need fixing or replacement. This will solely depend on the level of damage that each component has.

How to Fix a Beyblade Video Guide:

Disassemble the Beyblade

To fix your Beyblade, you must first disassemble it to gain total access to the broken component. Disassembling a Beyblade should not be a hard nut to crack; all you are required to do is unscrew the screws that hold it together to detach its components. Using a head screwdriver will ease the work of unscrewing your Beyblade’s screws.

Remember to disassemble your Beyblade cautiously to avoid losing any broken parts or screws needed during fixing and avoid causing further damage. When disassembling, note where and how the different Beyblade components join and are screwed together, because you will be required to assemble it after repair. Beyblade components should disassemble easily and freely once you do it right, avoid forcing components to disassemble, to avoid causing damages.

Join the Broken Parts

To fix broken Beyblade components, you will have to fit the parts together just like in jigsaw puzzles. Just try fitting the broken parts together by comparing their cracks to see if they match. In case the crack matches and no large part of the component are missing, you could use superglue, if plastic, and a soldering gun, if metallic, to fit them together.

If there is a large broken part of the component that is missing, you will have to replace the whole component because gluing or soldering them together won’t work. To ensure that the Beyblade works for a long time, you will have to use high quality, quick-drying, and fast-acting glue. Apply the glue on the broken part and hold the fragments together until the superglue dries.

Ask help from an adult or a soldering expert when joining broken metallic fragments of your Beyblade. Also, use a holder to hold the two broken fragments into place, to ensure precise soldering. Start by soldering one part of the component, let it cool for a minute or two, and then solder it on the other side.

If the component is beyond repair, instead of joining the parts replace it with a new component. Buy new Beyblade components from reputable sources that sell top-quality accessories to avoid incurring losses. The good thing is that there are very many companies that sell Beyblade parts around the world; all you need to do is thorough research and weed through the reviews of different sources.

Clean the Beyblade

Clean Beyblade

After applying glue, you must let the broken component to rest for ten minutes to give glue the time to bind the two broken fragments together and create a strong bond. In the process of applying glue to the broken fragments, it is inevitable that they will accumulate dirt and excess glue. A dirty Beyblade will, in turn, give you a hard time during the assembling process, increase its chances of damage, and affect its performance.

To clean the excess glue, just grind it off using an emery board while ensuring that you don’t scratch its body. Use a clean cloth to wipe off any dirt that might have accumulated on the component during fixing. When doing so, ensure you handle the glue with care to avoid it from coming into contact with your fingers, skin, and eyes, as it is a strong adhesive and hard to remove.

Assemble the Beyblade

After ensuring that the broken parts are bound together, you will have to assemble the Beyblade. Ensure that every component returns back to its original place and screw it using a head screwdriver. If you had paid attention when disassembling the Beyblade, assembling it back together should not be a hard thing to do.

After assembling your Beyblade, you must try spinning it with its launcher to observe whether it is in a good question. In case it does, you can continue using it in battles; however, if it breaks yet again, consider replacing the damaged component. It is not advisable to participate in battles with a repaired Beyblade.

Taking Care of Your Beyblade

As the old adage says, prevention is better than cure. Taking good care of your Beyblade will not only save your time and energy but also help you prevent incurring additional repair costs. Outlined below are some of the essential tips that you could use while taking care of your Beyblade, to prevent damage.

Avoid Throwing, Stepping, or Dropping Your Beyblade:

Although Beyblades are solely meant to destroy each other during battles, that doesn’t mean that you should be careless with them. Some of their components are made of plastic and metal materials which wear and tear with constant stress and abuse.

To prevent your Beyblade from wearing and tearing avoid throwing, stepping or dropping it.

Use Different Launchers for Different Beyblades:

Beyblade launchers are meant to withstand certain weights. There are therefore some launchers that cannot withstand Beyblades with a certain Using one launcher on Beyblades of different weights will not only wear out but also destroy their mechanism.

Buy several high quality launchers which you can use when launching your Beyblades and take good care of them as they are an important Beyblade accessory.

Avoid Launching Them on Concrete:

As stated earlier, although Beyblades are hardy, they are prone to wear and tear. Launching them on concrete or hard surfaces will only accelerate the wear and tear. Avoid launching your Beyblades on the hard surfaces to minimize the level of damage and increase its lifespan.

Carry out Occasional Inspection and Repair:

Beyblades are bound to wear and tear as they battle with each other. Carrying out occasional inspections will help you arrest any small damage before it accelerates to a more serious problem. After noticing the damages, you must carry out instantaneous repairs to avoid further damages.

Dirt negatively affects the performance of Beyblades by causing damage to its components. This being the case, you should occasionally clean your Beyblades once in a while and store them in a cool dry place, away from children and danger.

Just like Beyblades, beystadiums also need the care to increase their lifespan and reduce wear and tear. To mitigate the problem, always perform occasional inspections and instant repairs using glue or tape when broken and nail polish in case of scratches. For safety reasons, avoid picking spinning Beyblades with bare hands to avoid being hurt. Also, do not launch Beyblades at animals, people, or any item that could break.

Bottom Line

Bearing in mind that Beyblades plays an important role in determining the winner or loser of Beyblades battles. It is always important to ensure that your Beyblade is in the right condition to improve your chances of winning the battle. Besides buying a high quality Beyblade, carrying out occasional inspections, taking care of your toy, and doing instant repairs enables your Beyblade to give value for your money and avert losses.

The good thing about fixing Beyblade problems is that they are not only easy to do on your own, but also do not require many materials. As long as you have a screwdriver to disassemble the toy, high quality glue, and a soldering gun, you are good to go. The tips of fixing a Beyblade outlined above will help you fix your toy effectively, without spending a penny on additional repair costs.

Precise measurements fused with the salient feature of safety, The best Infrared thermometer is the perfect equipment that could flaunt these qualities. Equipped with fast response time and having zero contact capabilities, the infrared thermometer could provide you with the necessary facility of reducing the chance of any accidents, whether those accidents are garbed up as scientific faults or as physical accidents. The infrared thermometer is the perfect antidote for both of them.

As much as the infrared thermometer is easy to use. Its calibration is quite complicated. Its accuracy and uncertainty can increase with the number of factors. Therefore regular calibration of an infrared thermometer is essential. The complex process of calibrating an infrared thermometer makes it suitable for its owner to leave this job to the pros. Its calibration requires heaps of external influence combined with the use of specialized machinery.

Infrared Thermometer Calibration:

Infrared thermostat works by distinguishing infrared radiation from a specific source and then using the data obtained by a reference to convert it into temperature. These were basically made to calculate the temperature of objects which are not safe to touch. However, all these provisions come with a cost, which is its regular and mildly complex calibration. What are the requisites of IR Calibration? Let’s dive right into it.

Following equipment is a must for calibrating any infrared thermometer:-

  • Mounting Device
  • Distance measuring device
  • Transfer Standard
  • Atmosphere temperature thermometer
  • Thermal Radiation Source

Mounting Device:

The mounting device is sort of like a tripod stand for any laboratory work. Sometimes it is used to hold the instrument on which calibration is taking place, and sometimes it is used to hold the devices which perform calibration. However, in the specific case of Infrared Thermometer calibration, it keeps the particular infrared thermometer aligned and maintained according to the S:D Ratio. This device is of vital importance because of the following two reasons:-

It is used to manage the measuring distance

  • It is used to conserve the alignment of the thermometer

For a perfect calibration of an infrared thermometer, the spot to distance ratio (S:D Ration) must be preserved at all costs. The place to distance plays a vital part in the calibration of the Infrared Thermometer.

Distance Measuring Device:-

The distance which must be measured for the calibration of an infrared thermometer is the distance of the heat source to the infrared thermometer. For this, a device must be used to accurately measure the gap between the two. Now, no specific method is used to measure this distance. However, a tape measure or a measuring rod is best suitable for measuring the range when calibrating an Infrared Thermometer.

The distance of the heat source and the infrared thermometer forms one half of the S:D Ratio. The presence of no specific measuring device makes it very important for the calibrator to use the measuring tape with great caution. A slight fault in the measuring distance interferes with the S:D Ratio, which in turn can make the overall calibration flawed.

Transfer Standard:

The transfer standard is used for the calibration of the thermal radiation or the heat source. The transfer standard can be made from the two. It can be a contact thermometer, for example., a thermocouple, a thermistor or any contact thermometer for that instance. It can also be a non-contact thermometer, for example, a radiation thermometer. The transfer standard can be applied intramural in the laboratory in which the calibration is of the infrared thermometer is taking place, or it can be implemented by using mediator labor external to the lab where the gauging of the Infrared thermometer is being performed.

The first application of the transfer standards is to transfer a measurement parameter from one organization to the other. It is used to transfer settings from a  chief standard to the secondary standard, or it can also be used to shift it from the secondary standard to some other working standards

Atmosphere Temperature Thermometer:

The atmosphere temperature thermometer, or the ambient temperature thermometer is used to detect the temperature present inside the laboratory. This is a vital instrument for the calibration of an infrared thermometer as an external influence especially the influence of temperature on a thermostat can play a significant role in increasing the uncertainty.

The accuracy of the ambient temperature thermometer itself plays a very pivotal role in the perfect calibration of an infrared thermometer. Therefore, it is imperative that for the calibration of the infrared thermometer that the instruments that are being used for the calibration are also quite precise and accurate.

Thermal Radiation Source:

The biggest concern while choosing a radiation source is determining the size of how big the source should be. This is imperative because of the infrared thermometer field of view. A source size of almost about 5 inches(125 millimeters) is required for Fluke Calibration. Thermal Radiation Source for other manufacturers can be derived from experimentation.

This device is used to provide the heat which is used for the calibration of the infrared thermometer. Due to this, it must be itself be calibrated to a perfect set of standards.

Laboratory Setup:

To perform the infrared thermometer calibrations minimum errors, a proper laboratory setup is essential. The temperature which is set up in the laboratory should be maintained within limits. The atmospheric temperature while calibrating the Infrared thermometer should be managed according to the restrictions identified for the Infrared thermometer during its calibration.

The maintenance of the atmospheric pressure inside the laboratory during the calibration of the Infrared thermometer is essential because of two reasons. Firstly, it is necessary for the perfect calibration of the Infrared Thermometer as the uncertainty error of the Infrared thermometer is greatly affected by the external influence of temperature. Secondly, the temperature limits on which this thermometer was calibrated in gives the consumer the information denoting temperature in which it was scaled.

How you position the equipment when you are calibrating an Infrared thermometer plays a significant role in the degree of calibration. The importance of the location of materials is mainly governed by the presence of Reflected Temperature and especially when calibrations are being at a low temperature. To correctly set up the laboratory equipment, the following changes should be made:-

  • You should never set up the pieces of equipment in a way that the heat source begins to face the radiation source,
  • You have to keep on checking the temperature of the walls. This is because the temperature of the barriers facing the radiation source should be that of the laboratory. This becomes a matter of prime importance when the wall meets the exterior wall or an exterior window,
  • The position of the person performing the calibration should be considered since his or her position dramatically affects the temperature that is reflected.



Before the calibration of the Infrared Thermometer, certain specifics must be taken care of. These are listed as the following:-

  • The infrared thermometer must be given some amount of time so that it can reach the temperature of the laboratory. It approximately takes about 15 minutes to preserve this state. This is undoubtedly a significant step especially when a thermometer is brought from the outside
  • The cleansing of the lens, which most of the calibrators do, is not recommended by professionals. If a glass should be cleansed, then it should be washed with either the permission of the customer or according to the guidelines provided by the manufacturers manual.
  • The radiation source should always be set up, as mentioned above, to the desired temperature limits. If the calibration is to be maintained with dry gas, then the purge should always be set up before the radiation source is stabilized.

The Procedure:

The steps which are to be mentioned below should be replicated several times for each point.   They are as following:-

  • If our IR has the heat setting of reflected sources, then it should be made according to the heat source temperature. The setting of the heat source is also sometimes called background temperature. However, it must be noted that Fluke IR’s do not have reflected temperature settings. The sources calibrated emissivity should always be the same as the emissivity setting of the infrared thermometer. When the Infrared thermometers have fixed emissivity, then specific, measurable changes should be made.
  • The next important step is always to align the Infrared Thermometers. To align the infrared thermometer, we must first set the measuring distance. Measuring distance, as mentioned above, is the distance between the radiation source to the infrared thermometer. Once the length is set, the thermometer needs to be centered on a calibrator surface.
  • The infrared thermometer could be centered on the calibration surface by maximizing the signal or by moving the thermometer up and down and also shaking it from side to side.
  • After aligning the thermometer, the line which passes through the calibrator surface should not be more than five degrees from the perpendicular.
  • At this point, measurement is ready to be made. Although this process sounds quite complicated in reality and also in performance, it actually is quite simple. It takes almost fifteen seconds to measure each calibration point.


The user of the infrared thermometer should tell the technician which calibration point he or she wants to use. All the calibration points should be based on the needs and want of the customer. If he or she does not know what calibration point is, he should seek advice from the technician.

If an infrared thermometer is being used in a low range of temperature, then, in that case, the one calibration point is enough. However, if the IR’s are being used in temperatures which are having a broad range, then, in that case, three calibration points must be availed.

This must at least represent the least, the highest, and the moderate scope of the infrared thermometers range that could be availed. The sequence of the points could, in some cases, be random. However, it is always advised due to the presence of the lower upset to perform, the weak calibration points first, and the higher points at last.


The report that you will give to the owner of the IR must be in a proper and a well-developed form and should meet all the demands of the respected body of the laboratory. The result of this scaling must be noted. The best way to present this information is to make a grid of different sources of temperature versus the IR. An indication of whether the inference is passed or failed may also be added to the table. These reports should include the following

The results of the calibration should be presented. This is ideally represented by table temperatures obtained from the source versus IR values that are experimentally derived. An indication of whether the inference is approved or rejected may also be portrayed in the grid that we have just made. The report must have the following:-

  • Date of calibration
  • Measuring distance
  • Emissivity setting of the infrared thermometer
  • The diameter of the source
  • Ambient temperature


The instruments that are used in the laboratory are used so frequently that it becomes easy for a person to not take care of the need of the devices themselves. In every experiment, analytical data is crucial. A fault of even milli-degrees can somehow reverse the whole equation. Therefore, we must be cautious when we are calibrating an instrument.

This is because the device which is being used is only as precise as the pieces of equipment which are being used. If the equipment which was used for the calibration of the instrument were no accurate and precise, the device itself would not be specific.

An infrared thermometer is such an instrument that requires several more equipment for its calibration. Therefore it is best to leave its calibration to the professionals. Although we can calibrate an infrared thermometer ourselves, with just a bit of knowledge and technique.